MySQL Could not find first log file name

Fix_MySQL_replication_errorWhen MySQL shows the error “Could not find first log file name in binary log index file” it means that mysql is looking for a bin-log file that is not shown in the bin-log index file. This does not necessarily mean the replication is completely broken.

What does this error mean?

[Slave]$ mysql -e "SHOW SLAVE STATUS\G"
*************************** 1. row ***************************
Slave_IO_State:
Master_Host: 10.0.0.1
Master_User: replication_user
Master_Port: 3306
Connect_Retry: 10
Master_Log_File: log-bin.000008
Read_Master_Log_Pos: 106
Relay_Log_File: log-relay-bin.000045
Relay_Log_Pos: 4
Relay_Master_Log_File: log-bin.000008
Slave_IO_Running: No
Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
Replicate_Do_DB:
Replicate_Ignore_DB:
Replicate_Do_Table:
Replicate_Ignore_Table:
Replicate_Wild_Do_Table:
Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table:
Last_Errno: 0
Last_Error:
Skip_Counter: 0
Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 106
Relay_Log_Space: 107
Until_Condition: None
Until_Log_File:
Until_Log_Pos: 0
Master_SSL_Allowed: No
Master_SSL_CA_File:
Master_SSL_CA_Path:
Master_SSL_Cert:
Master_SSL_Cipher:
Master_SSL_Key:
Seconds_Behind_Master: NULL
Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No
Last_IO_Errno: 1236
Last_IO_Error: Got fatal error 1236 from master when reading data from binary log: 'Could not find first log file name in binary log index file'
Last_SQL_Errno: 0
Last_SQL_Error:
Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids:
Master_Server_Id: 1
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

This error message means that the mysql slave server tried to connect to the master server to retrieve the bin-logs. The slave knows the position he stopped retrieving data from the master. Knowing its last retrieved position, the slave tries to fetch the next position from the master’s bin-log, but the master server does not have the bin-log file in the index.

In detail, the master server writes the bin-log files into the mysql data directory. Each file has a number which is incremented when each new bin-log file is created. When a new file is created, the file is also written to an index file and when a file is deleted it is removed from the index file. A mysql data directory will look similar to this.

[Maser]$ ls -l /var/lib/mysql/log-bin.*
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql 658K Feb 25 13:16 log-bin.000001
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  11K Feb 26 11:48 log-bin.000002
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  125 Feb 26 13:58 log-bin.000003
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql 9.8K Feb 27 10:26 log-bin.000004
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  125 Feb 27 10:43 log-bin.000005
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  12K Mar  6 10:01 log-bin.000006
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  295 Mar 10 15:20 log-bin.000007
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  125 Mar 10 15:33 log-bin.000008
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  125 Mar 10 15:22 log-bin.000009
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  385 Mar 10 15:46 log-bin.000010
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql 2.9K Mar 10 15:54 log-bin.000011
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  211 Mar 10 15:55 log-bin.000012
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  126 Mar 10 15:56 log-bin.000013
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  126 Mar 10 15:56 log-bin.000014
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  107 Mar 10 15:59 log-bin.000015
-rw-rw----  1 mysql mysql  450 Mar 10 15:59 log-bin.index

When the bin-log is missing in the index, it can be because the bin-logs have already rotated so far that the last retrieved position is already in a bin-log that has been deleted, but I have realised that in some situations the index file is not managed correctly. I did not find out yet what causes this problem, but when I checked the log-bin.index, which is a plain text file, one bin-log file was missing.

[Maser]$ cat /var/lib/mysql/log-bin.index
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000001
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000002
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000003
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000004
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000005
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000006
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000007
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000008
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000009
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000011
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000012
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000013
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000014
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000015

In this example the log-bin.000010 is missing but as shown before the file exists in the mysql data directory. This indicates that there is a problem in the index file.

infoImportant: before you start editing the log-bin.index file, stop the mysql server. Never change files in the mysql data directory while the mysql server is running.

To fix this problem in the bin-log index file, stop the mysql server and make sure it is stopped. Now the log-bin.index file can be corrected. The corrected bin-log index file should look like this.

[Maser]$ cat /var/lib/mysql/log-bin.index
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000001
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000002
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000003
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000004
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000005
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000006
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000007
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000008
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000009
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000010
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000011
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000012
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000013
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000014
/var/lib/mysql/log-bin.000015

Add the missing file to the index file, save the changes and start the mysql server again. The replication on the slave has stopped and will not start automatically.

[Slave]$ mysql -e "SLAVE START;"

With the above command, replication will be restarted. After a few seconds you can check the status of the replication again. The replication should start to catch up, or might already have caught up, with the master.

[Slave]$ mysql -e "SHOW SLAVE STATUS\G"
*************************** 1. row ***************************
Slave_IO_State:
Master_Host: 10.0.0.1
Master_User: replication_user
Master_Port: 3306
Connect_Retry: 10
Master_Log_File: log-bin.000015
Read_Master_Log_Pos: 118408
Relay_Log_File: log-relay-bin.000056
Relay_Log_Pos: 118511
Relay_Master_Log_File: log-bin.000015
Slave_IO_Running: Yes
Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
Replicate_Do_DB:
Replicate_Ignore_DB:
Replicate_Do_Table:
Replicate_Ignore_Table:
Replicate_Wild_Do_Table:
Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table:
Last_Errno: 0
Last_Error:
Skip_Counter: 0
Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 118408
Relay_Log_Space: 118809
Until_Condition: None
Until_Log_File:
Until_Log_Pos: 0
Master_SSL_Allowed: No
Master_SSL_CA_File:
Master_SSL_CA_Path:
Master_SSL_Cert:
Master_SSL_Cipher:
Master_SSL_Key:
Seconds_Behind_Master: 0
Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No
Last_IO_Errno: 0
Last_IO_Error:
Last_SQL_Errno: 0
Last_SQL_Error:
Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids:
Master_Server_Id: 1
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

The above output shows that the replication has already caught up with the master and the error information is now gone.


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